Extras

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Preview

    First Civilizations

    Preview

    Explore the seedbed civilizations of Mesoamerica, the Middle East and the Indus Valley.

    Preview

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Episode 4 Preview | Trade

    First Civilizations

    Episode 4 Preview | Trade

    Examine the civilizing effect of trade.

    Episode 4 Preview | Trade

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations The Merchant's Seal

    First Civilizations

    The Merchant's Seal

    The merchant’s seal was a guarantee of quality goods.

    The Merchant's Seal

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Rise of International Trade

    First Civilizations

    Rise of International Trade

    Archaeologist Jeff Rose examines the history of a petroglyph in Oman.

    Rise of International Trade

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Indus Valley Civilization

    First Civilizations

    Indus Valley Civilization

    Explore the splendor of the Indus Valley civilization.

    Indus Valley Civilization

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Rise of Inequality

    First Civilizations

    Rise of Inequality

    Explore the rise of inequality and threat of dictatorship.

    Rise of Inequality

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Humans Are Social

    First Civilizations

    Humans Are Social

    Humans are social creatures. Evolutionary Psychologist Michael Muthukrishna explains.

    Humans Are Social

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Episode 3 Preview | Cities

    First Civilizations

    Episode 3 Preview | Cities

    Investigate why cities were so integral to the rise of civilization.

    Episode 3 Preview | Cities

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Ritual

    First Civilizations

    Ritual

    Explore how rituals bring people together.

    Ritual

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Nabta Playa

    First Civilizations

    Nabta Playa

    Nabta Playa became a religious monument where people could gather and worship.

    Nabta Playa

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Kings Become Gods

    First Civilizations

    Kings Become Gods

    In Ancient Egypt, at the site of Nekhen, kings were recognized as living gods.

    Kings Become Gods

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Episode 2 Preview | Religion

    First Civilizations

    Episode 2 Preview | Religion

    Learn why every successful civilization needs a narrative — a shared set of beliefs.

    Episode 2 Preview | Religion

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Power of Obsidian

    First Civilizations

    Power of Obsidian

    Explore the power of obsidian weapons and their use in Teotihuacan.

    Power of Obsidian

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Raiding Oaxaca Valley

    First Civilizations

    Raiding Oaxaca Valley

    Oaxaca Valley became an area of conflict as raiding occurred between villages.

    Raiding Oaxaca Valley

    Video thumbnail: First Civilizations Culture of Violence

    First Civilizations

    Culture of Violence

    Archaeologist Yuki Huada explores the history of San Jose Mogote.

    Culture of Violence